— 02 — Observation — Reading

— 02– Observation –

 TFY C1, Observation ;

TPCT C2 Obstacles to Critical Thinking

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PART I
BASICS OF CRITICAL THINKING

Thinking Skills

  • Understand the logical connections between ideas.
  • •  Formulate ideas succinctly and precisely.
  • •  Identify, construct, and evaluate
    arguments.
  • •  Evaluate the pros and cons of a decision.
  • •  Evaluate the evidence for and against a
    hypothesis.
  • •  Detect inconsistencies and common
    mistakes in reasoning.
  • •  Analyze problems systematically.
  • •  Identify the relevance and importance of
    ideas.
  • •  Justify one’s beliefs and values.
  • •  Reflect and evaluate one’s thinking
    skills.

    Lau, J.Y.F. An introduction to critical thinking and
    creativity. (2011) Wiley

CHAPTER 1: OBSERVATION SKILLS

GLOSSARY

Chapter 1
Glossary
Keywords
Definition
Accommodation
Schema adjustment/creation
Accommodation is
achieved when we can do the thinking needed to create a new schema or modify
an old schema in order to explain a new experience.
Assimilation
Schema integration
Assimilation is
achieved when we can integrate new experiences into existing schemas.
Disequilibrium
Confusion
The confusion and
discomfort felt when a new experience cannot be integrated into existing
schemas.
Equilibrium
Well being/ Adjusted
A stable inner
feeling of well being that we feel when our thinking enables us to modify or
create a new schema that better explains our world.
Hypothesis
Trial idea
Hypothesis is a
trial idea, tentative explanation, or theory that can be tested and used to
further an investigation.
Observe
watch
To watch with
attentive awareness.
Perceiving
Regard// interpret
/ sense-making
To regard and
interpret what the senses tell us.
Principal claim and
reasons
Thesis/conclusion
and evidence
These are the two
parts of an argument. The principal claim is the thesis or conclusion. The
reasons support this claim through evidence or other claims. A claim is an
assertion about something.
Schema
Mental files/
understanding
Schemas are the
mental files in which we store our explanations of experiences.
Sensing
Sense-using
To make use of such
senses as sight, hearing, and touch.
Thinking
Purposeful mental
activities
Purposeful mental
activity such as reasoning, deciding, judging, believing, supposing,
expecting, intending, recalling, remembering, visualizing, imagining,
devising, inventing, concentrating, conceiving, considering.

Link

Observe like Sherlock Holmes:  http://lifehacker.com/5960811/how-to-develop-sherlock-holmes-like-powers-of-observation-and-deduction

Observation Exercises:

What do you observe in this classroom?

How Many Hearts?

How Many Dolphins?

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Observation: Five Senses

Glossary: Chapter 1