Deductive Reasoning Text Glossary

Chapter 13
deduction Deduction is to draw an inference about a specific instance from a general principle.
hidden premise Hidden premise is a made claim in support of a conclusion that is implied but not stated. When not exposed, it can lead to the acceptance of a false conclusion.
logic Logic is the science of good reasoning.
syllogism A syllogism is the standardized form that makes the structure of a deductive argument visible. A syllogism consists of two premises or claims followed by a conclusion inferred from these premises.
valid and sound A valid deductive argument is one in which the conclusion is correctly inferred from the premises. An argument is sound when the conclusion cannot be false because the premises are true and the reasoning is valid.