— Language and Thought, Word Precision, Vocabulary

— 03 — Language and Thought, Word Precision, Vocabulary

—  02 — Language and Thought, Word Precision, TFY C2, Vocabulary, CRCB C2 Vocabulary Skills


Chapter 2
Abstract words Words expressing ideas far removed from concrete realities.
Ambiguous words Words or phrases that have more than one meaning without an explanation of which one is intended.
Buzzwords Fashionable technical words designed more to impress than clarify.
Clustering Pre-writing technique that makes a visual map of mental associations.
Critical reading Critical reading is on accurate neutral comprehension of the material followed by an evaluative analysis.
Definition A concise explanation of the meaning of a word that shows us the boundaries of its inclusions and exclusions.
Definition essay An essay that offers an extended personal definition and explanation of a word.
Descriptive writing Writing that contains sensory specifics matched to accurate wording that enables the reader to see, feel, hear, and understand what the author intended.
Euphemisms The invention of words that mask meaning, making the unacceptable appear acceptable.
Exposition essay An essay designed primarily to explain something. Here facts are more important than opinions.
Jargon Special words used by one group or profession that may not be understood by outsiders.
Term and class Term refers to the word defined and class refers to the largest family to which the term is related.
Vague words Words that do not convey clear, concrete, specific meaning.
Word Word is a sound or a group of sounds that communicate meaning. These sounds are also translatable into written symbols.
Word concept A concept is a abstract idea or principle conveyed in a word.
Word connotation Word connotations are the associations, feelings, or images a word carries or awakens in people.
Word denotation Word denotation is the neutral specific meaning of a word.

Frames of Language
Patters in Language
New Words for the New Milleneum
Lexophiles Only

Fourteen Words Key  to 100,000 Words

TFY C2 Links:
Web Links
Chapter 2

Here Answers.com broadens our understanding of the word concept through dictionary and encyclopedia definitions as applied to philosophy and the sciences.


WORD MAPS LINK:  http://www.readingrockets.org/strategies/word_maps/


This site offers an etymologic quiz for guessing the origins of words. Can you get the right answers on the basis of logical reasoning?



Study the way Diane Ackerman uses language to explore “the mute sense” of smell in this excerpt taken from her book A Natural History of the Senses. Click on “Search inside this book” to read the excerpt.

(Amazon review:  This review is from: A Natural History of the Senses (Paperback)
Do you remember the day in second grade when your teacher taught the lesson of the five senses? You felt around for some mysterious object in a brown paper bag for touch, you had lemon squeezed on your tongue for taste, you made Styrofoam cup telephones for hearing, you shut your eyes and stumbled around “blind” clinging to the arm of the kid next to you for sight, and you sniffed mothballs for smell. That was about it, subject covered. Now, just imagine if you could learn the lesson over again with the zany fictional teacher Ms. Frizzle of “The Magic Schoolbus” fame, except this time she’s teaching adults. Welcome to the world of Diane Ackerman. In a Natural History of The Senses Ms. Ackerman enthusiastically, patiently, and most of all exuberantly reintroduces us to the sensual world from her perspective and shows us how it is so much more alive and kicking than what we learned in grade school.

This book is still broken down into five familiar sections of smell, touch, taste, hearing and vision, but in total it is so chock full of intimate detail of the world the reader can’t help but see things in a different light for having read it.
It is written with the intelligence of a scholar, the fluidity and grace of a poet, and well, as I’ve mentioned above the enthusiasm of the one and only Ms. Frizzle (and I mean this as the nicest compliment!) This book will certainly appeal to people who love detail as it is well referenced for those wishing to delve deeper into the literature of the senses. Diane Ackerman shares, teaches and reminds us of some of the most simple things in life. Do you know how a butterfly “tastes” sweetness? Can you explain the electrical significance of the corpuscles strategically placed throughout your own body responsible for great sex? If you are saying “so what?” then I ask that you just give it a try. It is a fun romp of a read that may take you places you haven’t been for a long time. 
A good portion of the book is written in the first person, where the author has juxtaposed what she knows with how she lives, and I believe her detractors would comment that she appears self-absorbed for it. Just get over that and realize at the very last she reminds us life can be steered away from its sometimes predictable, even boring, path by something as seemingly insignificant as adding an extra teaspoon of vanilla to the muffin batter. Who knows, you may even dab some on your pulse points and let the rest of the world wonder why you smell so…exuberant. I’m sure Diane Ackerman would expect nothing less.


Compare your findings about definitions to this Wikipedia discussion that includes philosophical theories about the nature of truth.



At Humanityquest.com compare the definitions of truth given in a long list of dictionaries. You might also try the same for the word reality.



At this site note how the word connotation is given numerous definitions. Studying and comparing each one can help us expand our understanding of the meaning of the term.


Amir Amiri’s Word Precision and Presentation Link:

Dictionary Links: