xCRCB- C3- Slide Outline

•         Critical Reading for College and Beyond
•         CHAPTER THREE
•         CHAPTER GOALS
After learning Chapter 3, you should be able to demonstrate
:
•         The three stages of the memory process and how they work.
•         Your understanding of why you can forget what you read or hear.
•         Strategies that will help you remember what you read.
•         What Is Memory?
•         Memory is the process of storing  and retrieving information. 
•         The three stages are sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory.
•         Sensory
The First Stage of Memory
•         Information enters your brain via senses
–        sight, sound, taste, touch, smell.
•         Need to pay attention to whatever you intend to remember.
•         Use your senses to help you remember.
•         This stage is very short term, 20-30 seconds.
–        Short-Term
The Second Stage of Memory
•         Must intend to remember .
•         This stage holds between five to seven bits of information.
•         Chunking strategy works well at this stage.
•         This stage is temporary; lasts several minutes only, unless you consciously do something to retain the information.
•         Long-Term
The Third Stage of Memory
•         You must understand the information in order to remember it.
•         Information must be organized in a meaningful way in order to be retained in and retrieved from long-term memory.
•         Mnemonics help with retrieval.
•         Actively Learn New Information
•         Create a memory matrix.
•         Draw a picture.
•         Connect new information to what you already know.
•         Go beyond textbook information.
•         Teach it.
•         Review it.
•         Create a mnemonic.
•         Mnemonics are Retrieval Strategies
•         Key Words
•         Acronyms
•         Acrostics
•         Rhymes
•         Songs
•         Pictures
•         DRINK LOTS OF WATER
•         Chapter Vocabulary
•         memory
•         acronym
•         key word
•         mnemonic
•         long-term memory
•         acrostic
•         memory cue
•         rote learning
•         short-term memory
•         sensory memory
•         chunking